SHOULD THE CHURCH TEACH TITHING?
PAGAN CHRISTIANITY: BOOK REVIEW
Should the Church Teach Tithing?
LATEST ADDITIONS
SEARCH INDEX
LINKS: SITES AND BOOKS
ARTICLES
FIRSTFRUITS WERE NEVER TITHES
LETTER TO YOUR PASTOR ABOUT TITHING
BUY BOOKS AND VIDEO
BAPTIST ERRORS
ENDORSEMENTS
REBUTTALS OF TITHE-TEACHERS
RUSSELL EARL KELLY, PHD
THEOLOGIANS AND HISTORIANS WHO AGREE
INTRODUCTION
1. Origin and Definition of Tithing
2. Genesis 14:20 Abraham, Melchizedek, Arab Custom and Tithing
3. Genesis 28:22 Jacob's Bargain With God
4. Numbers 18: The Obscure Statute/Ordinance of Tithing
5. Leviticus 27:30-34 Tithing and Holy and Most Holy Statutes
6. Tithes Replaced Land Inheritance
7. How Many Tithes? 10%, 20%, or 23 1/3rd%?
8. Deuteronomy 12 and 14: Strange Facts about Tithing
9. The Poor and Jesus Did Not Tithe
10. Kings, Tithes and Taxes: Levites with Political Jobs
11. 2nd Chronicles 31 Explains Malachi
12. Nehemiah 10-13: Historical Context of Malachi
13a. Commentary on Malachi 1 and 2: Cursing the Priests for Stealing
13b. Malachi 3 and 4
14. Matthew 23:23; Luke 11:42 Supporting the Old Covenant and Its Interpreters
15. Luke 18:12 A Pharisee's Boast about Tithing
16. Acts 15 and 21: Compromise Divided the Jerusalem Church
17. Hebrews 8; 2nd Corinthians 3; A Better New Covenant; MARTIN LUTHER
18. The Mosaic Law and the "Law" of Christ; MATT 5:17-19
19. Hebrews 7: Extremely Important
20. Ephesians 2:14-16; Colossians 2:13-17: Law Ordinances Ended
21. 1 Peter 2:9-10: Your Priesthood Abolishes Tithing
22. 1 Corinthians 9: Using Christian Liberty to Refuse Christian Rights [2007]
23. 1 Corinthians 16: Principles for Giving to the Needy
24. 1 Timothy 5:17: Worthy of Double Honor
25. Miscellaneous Objections
26. Chafer and Walvoord on New Covenant Giving
27. 2 Corinthians 8 and 9: Principles of Grace Giving
28. Acts 20:16-35: Paul's Sermon is Not Preached
29. Secular History of Tithing
30. Tithing Principles for Tithe-Teaching Churches
31. Spreading the Gospel
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PAGE #
58% of Evangelical Leaders Reject Tithing, April 2011
140 QUESTIONS FOR TITHE ADVOCATES
1873: TITHING FIRST SUGGESTED IN USA
20% OF SBC PASTORS AND 31% OF OTHER PASTORS AGREE
ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THIS BOOK
AKIN, DANIEL, PRESIDENT SEBTS
ALCORN, RANDY
Amazon.com Reviews
ANTI-TITHING VIDEOS
ASSEMBLY OF GOD TITHING STATEMENT
BACKLASH AGAINST TITHING, WALL STREET JOURNAL
BAKER, ROBERT A: SBC HISTORIAN
BAKER'S EVANGELICAL DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE
BAPTIST STATEMENTS OF FAITH AGREED UNTIL 1963
BLACK, DAVID ALAN, TH. D.; SBC THEOLOGIAN
BLOGGING CONDEMNED BY GEORGIA BAPTIST LEADERS
BOOKIDEAS: PROFESSIONAL BOOK REVIEW
BROWN, TOM: WOF MINISTRIES
BURKETT, LARRY AND DAYTON, HOWARD; CROWN
CALVIN, JOHN: TITHING
CAMERON, BARRY: TITHING ABCs
CARSON, D A; REBUTTAL ON TITHING
CARTOON
CBS TRANSCRIPT AND COMMENTS
CHARISMA MAGAZINE 3-11-08
CHEUNG, VINCENT: MALACHI
CHRISTIAN TORAH DOCTRINE
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND RECOMMENDED READING
Comparing Kelly and Croteau's Books onTithing
CONNER, KEVIN J; MELCHIZEDEK
COPELAND, KENNETH: TITHING REBUTTAL
CORBAN AND FIRSTFRUIT-TITHING
CROTEAU, DAVID, PHD
CROWN MINISTRIES 2012
DANA, H E: SOUTHERN BAPTIST HISTORIAN
DEJONG, PAUL: TITHING
DOLLAR, CREFLO: TITHING REBUTAL
DONATIONS
Et essay: Tiende er ikke en kristen lære
Dizimar não é uma doutrina cristã
Un ensayo: el diezmar no es una doctrina cristiana
TONY EVANS
EZEKIEL'S TEMPLE: NO TITHING
FLOYD, RONNIE
GEORGE, WILLIE; REBUTTAL
GOD'S PLAN OF SALVATION
GRACE-GIVING CHURCHES
GRAHAM, BILLY: TITHING
GRAHAM, FRANKLIN: SALARY-TITHING
HAGEE, JOHN
HAYFORD, JACK; TITHING
HEMPHILL, KENNETH, TITHING; SBC SPOKESMAN
KEN HEMPHILL AND BOBBY EKLUND
HINN, BENNY: TITHING
HOBBS, HERSCHEL: TITHING
HOUSTON, BRIAN: HILLSONG, TITHING
HOW TO BECOME A PROSPERITY PREACHER
If We Don't Preach Tithing, How Do We Pay the Church Bills?
JAKES, TD; 49 LIES TOLD ABOUT TITHING
JEREMIAH, DAVID: TITHING
JEWISH TITHING CONCEPTS
JOYNER, RICK: TITHING REBUTTAL
KENDALL, R T: TITHING
KENNEDY, JAMES, PHD: TITHING
KOSTENBERGER, ANDREAS: 12-4-2007
"LAW" IN THE BIBLE
LIST OF TITHING OPPONENTS THROUGHOUT HISTORY
LIST OF UNSCRIPTURAL BAPTIST TITHING ERRORS
LONDON DEBATE: POINT BY POINT COMMENTS
LONDON DEBATE, MAR 30, 2011 TRANSCRIPT
LONDON TV DEBATE DETAILS PLUS
LUTHER, MARTIN REJECTED TITHING: 1525
MALACHI 3:10 HAS BEEN MISINTERPRETED
MALACHI 3:10: THE TEST-GOD TITHE MYTH
MARINELLI, CHAD, WORD OF FAITH
MARTIN, ERNEST L; THE TITHING DILEMMA
MATTHEW 5:17-19
MAXWELL, JOHN C
MELCHIZEDEK: WAS HE A PAGAN GENTILE?
MEYER, ALLAN: TITHING
MONEY WITH GENTILE IMAGES WAS BANNED
MORRIS, ROBERT: Jesus is the Tithe
MORMON-LDS TITHING
NORTH, GARY COVENANTAL TITHE
NORTH, GARY PERSPECTIVES ON TITHING
NORTH, GARY WIKIPEDIA
OWEN, JOHN --DID NOT TEACH TITHING
PAGAN CHRISTIANITY: BOOK REVIEW
PINK, A W: TITHING
PIPER, JOHN: TITHING
POEMS BY H. K. PYWELL
POSITION PAPER FORCES EMPLOYEES TO TEACH TITHING
PREACHERS, EVANGELISTS AND THEOLOGIANS SPEAK OUT
PRINCE, JOSEPH
PROSPERITY GOSPEL: AVANZINI PLUS
PROSPERITY GOSPEL: Jones and Woodbridge
PROSPERITY GOSPEL REFUTATION
RAMSEY, DAVE: TITHING
RHODE ISLAND BAPTISTS: 1638-1770S
RICH PREACHERS WHO TEACH TITHING
ROBERTSON, NORMAN: TITHING
ROGERS, ADRIAN: Tithing Rebuttal
ROGERS, ROD: PASTOR DRIVEN STEWARDSHIP
ROSS, CHARLES: TITHING
SBC CHURCH WANTS YOUR BANK ROUTING NUMBER FOR TITHE
SBC FINANCIAL ABUSE
SBC SCHOLARS: THEOLOGIANS AND HISTORIANS WHO AGREE
SCHREINER, THOMAS R, PHD, SBTS, TITHING
SIX MOST QUOTED LIES ABOUT TITHING
SOUTHERN BAPTIST ENCYCLOPEDIA: TITHING
SOUTHERN BAPTIST TITHING BROCHURES
SPROUL, R C: TITHING REBUTTAL
SPURGEON, CHARLES H
ST PETERSBURG TIMES
STOREHOUSE TITHING ERROR
SUBMISSION THEOLOGY
SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON ON TITHING; JANUARY 28, 2007
SWAZILAND, POVERTY, AND PROSPERITY PREACHERS
SWINDOLL, CHARLES (CHUCK): TITHING
TBN: THE CROUCHES: TITHING
TEXT INDEX FOR 2007 EDITION
THEOLOGICAL DOUBLE-TALK
TIMELINE: BAPTIST, SBC and REK BOOK
TITHE MAPS IN 18TH CENTURY EUROPE
TITHES: NEW ADVENT CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA
TITHING ABUSE STORIES
TITHE AND OFFERING SCRIPTURES.COM/LEON
WALL STREET JOURNAL: RUSSELL KELLY LETTER
WARREN, RICK ON TITHING
WARREN, RICK: TITHING 2015
WE ARE NOT ALONE: VERY STRONG SUPPORT
Web Sites Which Discuss This Book and Tithing
WESLEY, JOHN
Where in the Bible Were Tithes Abolished?
WIDOW'S MITE
WOODWARD, GEOFF: TITHING
WYCLIFFE DICTIONARY OF THEOLOGY; F F BRUCE
WYTSMA, KEN: TITHING REBUTTAL
YOUNG, ED: TITHING REBUTTAL

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Should the Church Teach Tithing?
A Theologian's Conclusions about a Taboo Doctrine
 
 

russkellyphd@yahoo.com

VIDEO VERSION OF TITHING ESSAY ON YOU TUBE

video tithing debate

Review of Pagan Christianity, Frank Viola and George Barna

Review by Russell Earl Kelly, PHD

August 5, 2009

 

The material in the book is not new. It has been known by anybody who has studied the history of the Christian church from almost all reputable church historians from almost all denominations.

 

Since my expertise is in the doctrine of tithing, I will focus on that one chapter in pages 171 to 186.

 

Page 171 begins with a quotation from Philip Schaff. I highly recommend his Volume 2, History of the Christian Church which covers AD100-325. This is the period during which most of the early church flourished without the doctrine of tithing.

 

Page 172 is correct when it says "The tithe belongs to ancient Israel. It was essentially their income tax. Never do you find first century Christians tithing in the New Testament [after Calvary]."

 

Page 173 correctly points out that there were actually three different religious tithes expected in the Old Testament which totaled 23 1/3rd per cent for food producers who lived inside Israel.  It is not mentioned, however, that the first Levitical tithe went to the Levite servants to the priests and not to the priests. They, in turn, gave a tithe of the tithe to the priests (1%). Neither is it mentioned that those Levites and priests who received the tithe were not allowed to own or inherit property. I agree with the comment "With the death of Jesus all ceremonial codes that belonged to the Jew were nailed to Christ's cross and buried, never to be used again to condemn us."

 

Page 174 quotes from 2nd Corinthians 8 and 9 and concludes "When it comes to financial stewardship we see the first century saints giving cheerfully according to their ability --not dutifully out of a command."  In discussing Abraham, we are told that (1) Abraham gave voluntarily, (2) only from spoils of war, (3) not of his own property and (4) only once recorded. I go further and point out that the text does not say that Abraham gave voluntarily because he most likely was expected to obey a well-known custom of tithing spoils of war to his local priest king.

 

Page 175 discusses Malachi 3 which was only "directed to ancient Israel while they were under the Mosaic Law. Like everybody else, Viola and Barna conclude that all Israel was guilty of robbing God. I disagree because (1) the context of Malachi 1:13, 14; 2:1-2; 17 and 3:1-5, (2) the Levitical cites, (3) the context of the 24 courses and (4) Nehemiah 10:37b must be included in any discussion of Malachi. I understand Malachi to be cursing dishonest priests for stealing part of the tithe from the Levites as seen in Nehemiah 13:5-10.

 

Page 176 discusses Cyprian in the middle of the third century in his (failed) attempt to teach tithing. To this I add that the communion meal was slowly evolving into the sacrifice of the mass and the church elder was slowly evolving into a priest who offered sacrifice. An inversely proportional doctrine was evolving as the priesthood of the believers is being replaced by the sacrificial priest who appears like that of Aaron and "deserves" the tithe.

 

Page 177 is important because it points out that the tithe in Europe began as a secular fife of the secular landlords and ended up being a religious fife of food from those who worked land owned by the Roman Catholic Church.  To this I add that the Jews left farming and settled in the banking industry because tithes were only food from church-owned lands.

 

Page 178 says "Yet the obligatory practice of tithing is as much alive today as it was when it was legally binding. … In fact in many churches if you are not a tither you will be barred from holding a ministry position." It is actually much more than this and is getter even worse. In most churches today you cannot even hold a church office or teach Sunday School if you do not tithe. Some even require the tithe for membership. This is a disgrace and is completely unbiblical. The qualifications for church officers in Timothy and Titus do not include the ability to give a certain percentage of one's income. Since the spiritual gifts are distributed to all church members by the Holy Spirit, even the poorest who are burdened with medical, food and shelter expenses should be allowed to work in the church as officers and teachers.

 

Page 179 is the best new thought for me. "Under the Old Testament system tithing was good news for the poor. However in our day mandatory tithing equals oppression to the poor. Not a few Christians have been thrown into deeper poverty because they have felt obligated to give beyond their means." To me this makes the very use of the word "tithe" a horrible scam. The blessings of Malachi 3:10 have not worked for the millions in ghettos who have been giving the first of their meager means to the church for generations. To compound this sin, the tithe is never equal to firstfruits in God's Word. First Timothy 5:8 commands poor believers to first care for their medical needs and essential food and shelter.

 

Page 180 discusses clergy salary. "In fact the clergy salary runs against the grain of the entire New Covenant. Elders in the first century were not salaried. They were men with an earthly vocation. They gave to the flock rather than taking from it. … Giving a salary to pastors elevates them above the rest of God's people. It creates a clerical caste that turns the living body of Christ into a business. Since the pastor and his staff are compensated for their ministry, they are the paid professionals."  Viola (and Barna?) may be more correct than I on this point. I personally think that the Bible neither endorses nor denies full time paid ministry. It is quiet on the subject. My major complaint is "do not support a paid ministry using the false doctrine of New Covenant tithing."

 

Page 181 says "Paying a pastor makes him a man pleaser. It makes him the slave of men." Earlier they wrote "When the church functions as she should a professional clergy becomes unnecessary. Suddenly the thought 'This is the job of the preacher' looks heretical." My only comment here involves training. It seems to me that somebody needs to know biblical Greek and study hermeneutics. Otherwise there would be an infinite number of different theologies. The early church almost disappeared in the second century because of competition until it unified to some degree.

 

Conclusion: I very highly recommend this book and the chapter on tithing. May God bless Frank Viola and George Barna for standing up.

 

Russell Earl Kelly, PHD

 

 

 

 

 

 

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