SHOULD THE CHURCH TEACH TITHING?
SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON ON TITHING; JANUARY 28, 2007
Should the Church Teach Tithing?
LATEST ADDITIONS
SEARCH INDEX
LINKS: SITES AND BOOKS
ARTICLES
FIRSTFRUITS WERE NEVER TITHES
LETTER TO YOUR PASTOR ABOUT TITHING
BUY BOOKS AND VIDEO
BAPTIST ERRORS
ENDORSEMENTS
REBUTTALS OF TITHE-TEACHERS
RUSSELL EARL KELLY, PHD
THEOLOGIANS AND HISTORIANS WHO AGREE
INTRODUCTION
1. Origin and Definition of Tithing
2. Genesis 14:20 Abraham, Melchizedek, Arab Custom and Tithing
3. Genesis 28:22 Jacob's Bargain With God
4. Numbers 18: The Obscure Statute/Ordinance of Tithing
5. Leviticus 27:30-34 Tithing and Holy and Most Holy Statutes
6. Tithes Replaced Land Inheritance
7. How Many Tithes? 10%, 20%, or 23 1/3rd%?
8. Deuteronomy 12 and 14: Strange Facts about Tithing
9. The Poor and Jesus Did Not Tithe
10. Kings, Tithes and Taxes: Levites with Political Jobs
11. 2nd Chronicles 31 Explains Malachi
12. Nehemiah 10-13: Historical Context of Malachi
13a. Commentary on Malachi 1 and 2: Cursing the Priests for Stealing
13b. Malachi 3 and 4
14. Matthew 23:23; Luke 11:42 Supporting the Old Covenant and Its Interpreters
15. Luke 18:12 A Pharisee's Boast about Tithing
16. Acts 15 and 21: Compromise Divided the Jerusalem Church
17. Hebrews 8; 2nd Corinthians 3; A Better New Covenant; MARTIN LUTHER
18. The Mosaic Law and the "Law" of Christ; MATT 5:17-19
19. Hebrews 7: Extremely Important
20. Ephesians 2:14-16; Colossians 2:13-17: Law Ordinances Ended
21. 1 Peter 2:9-10: Your Priesthood Abolishes Tithing
22. 1 Corinthians 9: Using Christian Liberty to Refuse Christian Rights [2007]
23. 1 Corinthians 16: Principles for Giving to the Needy
24. 1 Timothy 5:17: Worthy of Double Honor
25. Miscellaneous Objections
26. Chafer and Walvoord on New Covenant Giving
27. 2 Corinthians 8 and 9: Principles of Grace Giving
28. Acts 20:16-35: Paul's Sermon is Not Preached
29. Secular History of Tithing
30. Tithing Principles for Tithe-Teaching Churches
31. Spreading the Gospel
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PAGE #
58% of Evangelical Leaders Reject Tithing, April 2011
140 QUESTIONS FOR TITHE ADVOCATES
1873: TITHING FIRST SUGGESTED IN USA
20% OF SBC PASTORS AND 31% OF OTHER PASTORS AGREE
ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THIS BOOK
AKIN, DANIEL, PRESIDENT SEBTS
ALCORN, RANDY
Amazon.com Reviews
ANTI-TITHING VIDEOS
ASSEMBLY OF GOD TITHING STATEMENT
BACKLASH AGAINST TITHING, WALL STREET JOURNAL
BAKER, ROBERT A: SBC HISTORIAN
BAKER'S EVANGELICAL DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE
BAPTIST STATEMENTS OF FAITH AGREED UNTIL 1963
BLACK, DAVID ALAN, TH. D.; SBC THEOLOGIAN
BLOGGING CONDEMNED BY GEORGIA BAPTIST LEADERS
BOOKIDEAS: PROFESSIONAL BOOK REVIEW
BROWN, TOM: WOF MINISTRIES
BURKETT, LARRY AND DAYTON, HOWARD; CROWN
CALVIN, JOHN: TITHING
CAMERON, BARRY: TITHING ABCs
CARSON, D A; REBUTTAL ON TITHING
CARTOON
CBS TRANSCRIPT AND COMMENTS
CHARISMA MAGAZINE 3-11-08
CHEUNG, VINCENT: MALACHI
CHRISTIAN TORAH DOCTRINE
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND RECOMMENDED READING
Comparing Kelly and Croteau's Books onTithing
CONNER, KEVIN J; MELCHIZEDEK
COPELAND, KENNETH: TITHING REBUTTAL
CORBAN AND FIRSTFRUIT-TITHING
CROTEAU, DAVID, PHD
CROWN MINISTRIES 2012
DANA, H E: SOUTHERN BAPTIST HISTORIAN
DEJONG, PAUL: TITHING
DOLLAR, CREFLO: TITHING REBUTAL
DONATIONS
Et essay: Tiende er ikke en kristen lære
Dizimar não é uma doutrina cristã
Un ensayo: el diezmar no es una doctrina cristiana
TONY EVANS
EZEKIEL'S TEMPLE: NO TITHING
FLOYD, RONNIE
GEORGE, WILLIE; REBUTTAL
GOD'S PLAN OF SALVATION
GRACE-GIVING CHURCHES
GRAHAM, BILLY: TITHING
GRAHAM, FRANKLIN: SALARY-TITHING
HAGEE, JOHN
HAYFORD, JACK; TITHING
HEMPHILL, KENNETH, TITHING; SBC SPOKESMAN
KEN HEMPHILL AND BOBBY EKLUND
HINN, BENNY: TITHING
HOBBS, HERSCHEL: TITHING
HOUSTON, BRIAN: HILLSONG, TITHING
HOW TO BECOME A PROSPERITY PREACHER
If We Don't Preach Tithing, How Do We Pay the Church Bills?
JAKES, TD; 49 LIES TOLD ABOUT TITHING
JEREMIAH, DAVID: TITHING
JEWISH TITHING CONCEPTS
JOYNER, RICK: TITHING REBUTTAL
KENDALL, R T: TITHING
KENNEDY, JAMES, PHD: TITHING
KOSTENBERGER, ANDREAS: 12-4-2007
"LAW" IN THE BIBLE
LIST OF TITHING OPPONENTS THROUGHOUT HISTORY
LIST OF UNSCRIPTURAL BAPTIST TITHING ERRORS
LONDON DEBATE: POINT BY POINT COMMENTS
LONDON DEBATE, MAR 30, 2011 TRANSCRIPT
LONDON TV DEBATE DETAILS PLUS
LUTHER, MARTIN REJECTED TITHING: 1525
MALACHI 3:10 HAS BEEN MISINTERPRETED
MALACHI 3:10: THE TEST-GOD TITHE MYTH
MARINELLI, CHAD, WORD OF FAITH
MARTIN, ERNEST L; THE TITHING DILEMMA
MATTHEW 5:17-19
MAXWELL, JOHN C
MELCHIZEDEK: WAS HE A PAGAN GENTILE?
MEYER, ALLAN: TITHING
MONEY WITH GENTILE IMAGES WAS BANNED
MORRIS, ROBERT: Jesus is the Tithe
MORMON-LDS TITHING
NORTH, GARY COVENANTAL TITHE
NORTH, GARY PERSPECTIVES ON TITHING
NORTH, GARY WIKIPEDIA
OWEN, JOHN --DID NOT TEACH TITHING
PAGAN CHRISTIANITY: BOOK REVIEW
PINK, A W: TITHING
PIPER, JOHN: TITHING
POEMS BY H. K. PYWELL
POSITION PAPER FORCES EMPLOYEES TO TEACH TITHING
PREACHERS, EVANGELISTS AND THEOLOGIANS SPEAK OUT
PRINCE, JOSEPH
PROSPERITY GOSPEL: AVANZINI PLUS
PROSPERITY GOSPEL: Jones and Woodbridge
PROSPERITY GOSPEL REFUTATION
RAMSEY, DAVE: TITHING
RHODE ISLAND BAPTISTS: 1638-1770S
RICH PREACHERS WHO TEACH TITHING
ROBERTSON, NORMAN: TITHING
ROGERS, ADRIAN: Tithing Rebuttal
ROGERS, ROD: PASTOR DRIVEN STEWARDSHIP
ROSS, CHARLES: TITHING
SBC CHURCH WANTS YOUR BANK ROUTING NUMBER FOR TITHE
SBC FINANCIAL ABUSE
SBC SCHOLARS: THEOLOGIANS AND HISTORIANS WHO AGREE
SCHREINER, THOMAS R, PHD, SBTS, TITHING
SIX MOST QUOTED LIES ABOUT TITHING
SOUTHERN BAPTIST ENCYCLOPEDIA: TITHING
SOUTHERN BAPTIST TITHING BROCHURES
SPROUL, R C: TITHING REBUTTAL
SPURGEON, CHARLES H
ST PETERSBURG TIMES
STOREHOUSE TITHING ERROR
SUBMISSION THEOLOGY
SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON ON TITHING; JANUARY 28, 2007
SWAZILAND, POVERTY, AND PROSPERITY PREACHERS
SWINDOLL, CHARLES (CHUCK): TITHING
TBN: THE CROUCHES: TITHING
TEXT INDEX FOR 2007 EDITION
THEOLOGICAL DOUBLE-TALK
TIMELINE: BAPTIST, SBC and REK BOOK
TITHE MAPS IN 18TH CENTURY EUROPE
TITHES: NEW ADVENT CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA
TITHING ABUSE STORIES
TITHE AND OFFERING SCRIPTURES.COM/LEON
WALL STREET JOURNAL: RUSSELL KELLY LETTER
WARREN, RICK ON TITHING
WARREN, RICK: TITHING 2015
WE ARE NOT ALONE: VERY STRONG SUPPORT
Web Sites Which Discuss This Book and Tithing
WESLEY, JOHN
Where in the Bible Were Tithes Abolished?
WIDOW'S MITE
WOODWARD, GEOFF: TITHING
WYCLIFFE DICTIONARY OF THEOLOGY; F F BRUCE
WYTSMA, KEN: TITHING REBUTTAL
YOUNG, ED: TITHING REBUTTAL

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Should the Church Teach Tithing?
A Theologian's Conclusions about a Taboo Doctrine
Russell Earl Kelly, PHD

Video Tithing Essay on You Tube

Please email me at russkellyphd@yahoo.com

The Southern Baptist Sunday School lesson

January 28, 2007 on Nehemiah 13, pages 78-79:

By Russell Earl Kelly, PHD

www.tithing-russkelly.com

russell-kelly@att.net 

 

“Besides discovering that Tobiah had improperly used a temple room, Nehemiah learned that the Levites and the singers had gone home because they had not been given the tithes they were supposed to receive.”

 

COMMENT: This miserably fails to follow up the previous discussion and emphasize that the high priest Eliahib had stolen the Levites’ share of the tithes from verse 5. This damming biblical evidence is that the priests had stolen the tithes from the temole storeroom which belonged to the Levites. If this is the exact problem of Malachi 3:8-10, then much more should be said.

...................................... 

Moses’ law required the Jews to give a tithe to these leaders. (See Num. 18:21.”

 

COMMENT: Rather than point out that the Levites who received the whole tithe were only servants to the ministers, it calls them “leaders.” The services performed by the Levites who received the first tithes are not performed by pastors today. The reference should be to Numbers 18:21-24. What is NOT said is suspicious.

.......................................... 

“For a while they followed through on this promise (Neh. 10:39; 12:44-47) but no longer.”

 

COMMENT: This cannot be proven from God’s Word. Nehemiah does not say that the people themselves had stopped bringing tithes to the Levitical cities (10:37).  However, it does clearly say that the high priest had authorized removal of the Levites’ portion of the tithes from the room he gave to Tobiah.  Why is this omitted? Notice that only the Levites had returned to their farms and not the priests! Why? The priests still had food! The lesson shifts the blame from the priests to the people of the nation.

.............................................

“Nehemiah confronted the officials, accusing them of neglecting God’s house.”

 

COMMENT: He did not confront the people.  He chiefly confronted the priests.  If the people had failed to bring the tithe, then the officials had the power to forcibly collect it and that is not what happened. Nehemiah placed the blame on the correct guilty parties.

...................................

“Then he gathered the Levites and the singers and returned them to their work in the temple.”

 

COMMENT: Again, he did not need to gather the priests. Ask yourself, why? Again, what is not said is suspicious.

..................................

“He likely assured them that they would be supported in the future by the tithes.”

 

COMMENT: He likely assured them that the high priest would not be allowed to steal their tithes in the future. They stole tithes from God in Malachi 1:14 and God cursed the priests in 1:14 and 2:2. The "you" of Malachi 3:8-10 also refers to the priests from 3:1-5 who had stolen the tthes out fo the Levites' chambers.

...........................

“At Nehemiah’s prompting the nation began to give a tithe, bringing it into the storehouse at the temple.”

 

COMMENT: The context demands that this was only an emergency re-supply and does not contradict Nehemiah 10:37 which commanded the tithes be brought to the Levitical cities where 98% its recipients lived. When Hezekiah had made the mistake of telling the people to bring all of the tithes to Jerusalem there was no place to store it and he had to re-ship it back to the Levitical cites (2 Chron 31:1-19).

.........................

“The prophet Malachi addressed a similar concern in his ministry in the post-exile era.”

 

COMMENT: Yes, but not the way you explain it. Since Malachi cannot be definitely dated, then it is possible that Malachi is addressing the IDENTICAL concern as Nehemiah!  Malachi is addressed to dishonest priests in 1:6 and 2:1. God cursed dishonest priest for stealing from Him from 1:6-14. 

.....................................

“He accused the people of robbing God by not giving their tithes and offerings (Mal. 2:7, 8).”

 

COMMENT: Wrong all around. This is probably a typo and should be 3:7, 8. If 2:7, 8 is meant, then 2:1-10 is a curse on the priests (not the people) for breaking their unique covenant with Levi. If 3:7, 8 is meant, then the “you” of 3:8 is the same “you” which began in 1:6, which refers to the priests and not the people. The “whole nation of you” in 3:10 probably means “whole nation of you priests,” “every priest in the nation.” That is consistent with the remainder of the book and 3:1-5. The author of the lesson again has taken the blame off the priests and placed it upon the people.   

.........................

“God still expects His people to be good stewards of possessions, time and talents.”

 

COMMENT: Yes, but the covenant has changed, the Temple has changed, the priesthood has changed, the curses are gone and the Holy Spirit has given better principles of giving.

...................................

“Here Nehemiah was concerned especially with the Jews’ failure to tithe.”

 

COMMENT: Wrong!  Nehemiah was extremely angry with the leadership and especially the priests for removing the Levites’ portion of the tithe and forcing them to go back home for food. The blame was on the priests, not the people.  The people did what they were supposed to do.

................................

“They had made a commitment to tithe but were not following through.

COMMENT: This blame shift is NOT found in either Nehemiah or Malachi.

............................

“Tithing is one way we practice Christian stewardship.”

 

COMMENT: Where is this principle found in God’s Word? Do we bring it to the Levitical cities? To the Levites? To the temple? Isn’t the NT temple inside the believer? Do we bring it to the priests? Isn’t every believer a priest? Is the church the new storehouse? How can that be possible when church buildings did not exist for several centuries after Christ died?

...........................

“Our tithes will support many different programs and people.”

 

COMMENT: OT tithes only supported Levites who did almost everything EXCEPT minister sacrifices. How does that concept work today? OT tithes were never used to support missionaries because God forbade Israel from sharing its covenant with other nations. How does that concept extend to the church today? OT believers who brought tithes were not allowed to worship God directly under penalty to death. How does that concept carry over to the church? Exactly where are the tithing principles which still apply?

..............

“The tithe I give to my church, for example, supports local ministries, helps pay the salaries of our staff, and contributes to the work of Southern Baptist missionaries around the world.”

 

COMMENT: Keep on giving, but do not call it a tithe and do not place OT blessings and curses in the context of much better Holy Spirit principles of giving. While you are at it, please read all of Malachi and try to interpret God’s Word in its context.  May God bless you.

……………………..

Point #1: There are Four Different Tithes Described in the Bible.

 

 (1)       The first religious tithe, the tenth of food increase, was called the "Levitical tithe" and had two parts (Lev. 27:30-34):

a)         the whole first tithe was given to the Levites who were only servants to the priests (Numb. 18:21-24; Neh. 10:37).

b)         the servant-Levites gave the best one tenth of the whole tithe to the priest-Levites (Numb. 18:25- 28; Neh. 10:38).

 (2)        The second religious tithe, called the "feast” or “festival” tithe," was eaten by worshipers in the streets of Jerusalem during the three yearly holy assemblies (Deut. 12:1-19; 14:22-26).

 

(3)        A third tithe, called the "poor tithe," was kept in the homes every third year to feed the poor (Deut. 14:28, 29; 26:12, 13).

 

(4)        Also, according to First Samuel 8:14-17, the ruler collected the first and best ten per cent for political use. During Jesus’ time Rome collected the first ten per cent (10%) of most food and twenty per cent (20%) of fruit crops as its spoils of war (1 Sam. 8:14-17).

 

Point #2: According to Nehemiah 10:37 the First Levitical Tithes Were Usually Taken to the Levitical Cities.

Neh 10:37And that we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; //   and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.  KJV

(1)        The 48 Levitical cities are described in detail in three places in God’s Word: Joshua 20, 21; Numbers 35 and 1st Chronicles 6:48-80.

 

(2)        That the Levites and priests did not live in Jerusalem is well documented in God’s Word.  Their cities are also mentioned in 2nd Chronicles 11:13-14; 31:15-19; Nehemiah 10:37; 12:27-29; 13:10 and implied in Malachi 1:14.

 

(3)        Since Levites received tithes in exchange for land inheritance rights, Levites and priests were not allowed to own or inherit land. Instead they lived on provided pasture-land which surrounded the 48 Levitical cities. (Numb. 18:20-26; Deut. 12:12; 14:27, 29; 18:1, 2; Josh. 13:14, 33; 14:3; 18:7; Ezek. 44:28).

 

Point #3: Since the Levites and Priests Were Too Numerous to Serve in the Temple at the Same Time, They Were Divided into 24 Courses, or Families to Take Turns Serving in the Temple.

 

(1) 1st Chronicles 23 to26; David appointed the 24 courses

23:3     38, 000 Levites over the age of 30

23:4                 24, 000 worked in the Temple

23:4                6, 000 officers and judges (politicians for the king)

23:5                4, 000  guards at the doors of the Temple

23:5                4, 000 musicians

23:6-24            [24,000] 24 courses, or families, of Levite Temple workers

24: all                           24 courses, or families, of priests named

25: all               [4,000] 24 courses, or families, of Levite musicians

26: all               [4,000] 24 courses, or families, of Levite guards and porters

26:20-28                      treasurers of the Temple (guard, porter)

26:29-32          [6,000] secular rulers and judges (outward business)

26:30, 32                     for God and the King!

 

(2) Kings David, Solomon, Joash, Hezekiah and Josiah set up the 24 courses to rotate service in the Temple

1st Chronicles 28:13, 21

2nd Chronicles 8:14 Solomon appointed the 24 courses

2 Chron 23:8 Jehoiada restored the courses for king Joash

2 Chron 31:15-19 Hezekiah; tithes to families inside their cities

2 Chron 35:4, 5, 10 Josiah restored the courses

 

(3) Ezra 6:18 Ezra restored the courses of Levites and priests

 

(4) Luke 1:5 Zechariah’s course was taking its turn to serve

 

Point #4: Only about 2% of the Levites and Priests Served at the Temple Most of the Time.

 

(1) Because most of the Levites and priests lived outside of Jerusalem               

 

(2) Because only one course normally served at the Temple at any one time (about 4%; 1 of 24)

 

(3) Because only older males served in the Temple while the wives and younger children did not (2% maximum)

 

(4) Because most Levites and priests lived on pasture-land in the Levitical cities either herding the tithed animals (10% of the nation’s herds; Lev 27:32) or else learning trades to use in the Temple (1 Chron 23:4).

 

Point #5: The Levites who received the whole first tithe were only servants to the priests. Numbers 18 makes this very clear.

 

(1) In Numbers 3 the Levites built and maintained the sanctuary tent before the Temple was built.  They were carpenters, weavers, artisans and janitors.

 

(2) In 1st Chronicles 23 to 26 the Levites who received the whole first tithe were the primary supervisors and builders of Solomon’s Temple. In addition to assisting the priests they also functioned as guards, musicians, singers, treasurers, judges and government officials and rulers for the king.

 

Why, oh why, doesn't anybody read the REST of Malachi for context???

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